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Donald Kirkpatrick’s four-level Measurement Model has been widely published in many articles and its terminology is well-known to most training professionals. The original model was published in Training and Development Handbook, R. L. Craig, McGraw-Hill, 1976.
The Kirkpatrick measurement model was developed to help in measuring instructor-led training. The four levels of this model are:
The Kirkpatrick model is a first-generation "thought model" for the measurement of training. While it is widely understood, training managers typically want more detailed tools and solutions. Josh Bersin's The Training Measurement Book describes the Bersin Impact Measurement Model and gives in-depth details on how to measure training.